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What's a Fuse

文章出处:FUSE manufacturers Author:Yaxun Electronics Popularity: Time:2018-02-09 11:59 【Big Middle Small
What Is A Fuse?
What Is A Fuse?
A fuse is a length of wire that melts (breaks or blows) when the current through it is above a certain level – the fuse rating. The 'fuse rating' is the electrical current that will blow the fuse, for instance 3 amps, 10 amps or 13 amps. A fuse is a current sensitive piece of wire – when the fuse is working the wire is not broken, when ...

Fuses | Physics Of Conductors And Insulators | Electronics Textbook
However, the fuse designer also has to consider what happens after a fuse blows: the melted ends of the once-continuous wire will be separated by an air gap, with full supply voltage between the ends. If the fuse isn't made long enough on a high-voltage circuit, a spark may be able to jump from one of the melted wire ends ...

Main fuse services - Elektrilevi
Main fuse services - Elektrilevi
It is important for the rating of the main fuse in your place of consumption to be correct so that you can use electricity without any problems. The main fuse has two functions – it provides fire protection by switching off in the event of a short circuit, and it determines how many household appliances you can use at any one time ...

Electric fuse types, electrical fuses electronic slow blow fuse - Future ...
What is an Electronic Fuse? An electronic fuse is a low resistance resistor that provides protection in the event of a load overcurrent. Short circuits, device failure or overloading can cause a load overcurrent. In an electronic fuse, a metal wire melts in the event of an overcurrent, therefore causing an interruption in the circuit.

How Wires, Fuses, and Connectors Work | HowStuffWorks
How Wires, Fuses, and Connectors Work | HowStuffWorks
The main job of the fuse is to protect the wiring. Fuses should be sized and located to protect the wire they are connected to. If a device like your car radio suddenly draws enough current to blow the fuse, the radio is probably already toast. The fuse is there to protect the wire, which would be much harder to replace than the ...

Electric fuse types, electrical fuses electronic slow blow fuse - Future ...
What is an Electronic Fuse? An electronic fuse is a low resistance resistor that provides protection in the event of a load overcurrent. Short circuits, device failure or overloading can cause a load overcurrent. In an electronic fuse, a metal wire melts in the event of an overcurrent, therefore causing an interruption in the circuit.

The Difference Between a Circuit Breaker & a Fuse Box
The Difference Between a Circuit Breaker & a Fuse Box
 What Do Fuses & Circuit Breakers Actually Do? Think of a fuse or circuit breaker as power protection. Essentially, both of these devices are designed to physically break an electrical connection if too much power starts to flow through it. For fuses, there is a filament inside which will physically burn up to ...

Specifying the Right Fuse for Circuit Protection | Electrical ...
Specifying the Right Fuse for Circuit Protection. Choosing a fuse isn't what it used to be. Know the basics before you specify them. John DeDad 1 | Nov 13, 2003. The circuit protection market is filled with such a wide variety of fuses today that the previously accepted method of specifying fuses is just not enough. Instead, the ...

FUSE
FUSE
In electronics and electrical engineering, a fuse is an electrical safety device that operates to provide overcurrent protection of an electrical circuit. Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts when too much current flows through it, thereby interrupting the current. It is a sacrificial device; once a fuse has operated it is an open circuit, and it must be replaced or rewired, depending on type.
Fuses have been used as essential safety devices from the early days of electrical engineering. Today there are thousands of different fuse designs which have specific current and voltage ratings, breaking capacity and response times, depending on the application. The time and current operating characteristics of fuses are chosen to provide adequate protection without needless interruption. Wiring regulations usually define a maximum fuse current rating for particular circuits. Short circuits, overloading, mismatched loads, or device failure are the prime reasons for fuse operation.

Thermal fuse
Thermal fuse
Thermal fuse is a cutoff which uses a one-time fusible link. Unlike a thermal switch which may automatically reset itself when the temperature drops, the thermal fuse is more like an electrical fuse: a single-use device that cannot be reset and must be replaced when it fails or is triggered. A thermal fuse is used when the overheating is a result of a rare occurrence, such as failure requiring repair (which would also replace the fuse) or replacement at the end of service life.
One mechanism is a small meltable pellet that holds down a spring. When the pellet melts, the spring is released, separating the contacts and breaking the circuit. The Tamura LE series, NEC Sefuse SF series, Microtemp G4A series, and Hosho Elmwood D series, for example, may use alloy pellets that contain copper, beryllium, and silver to melt at a precise temperature. is a cutoff which uses a one-time fusible link. Unlike a thermal switch which may automatically reset itself when the temperature drops, the thermal fuse is more like an electrical fuse: a single-use device that cannot be reset and must be replaced when it fails or is triggered. A thermal fuse is used when the overheating is a result of a rare occurrence, such as failure requiring repair (which would also replace the fuse) or replacement at the end of service life.
One mechanism is a small meltable pellet that holds down a spring. When the pellet melts, the spring is released, separating the contacts and breaking the circuit. The Tamura LE series, NEC Sefuse SF series, Microtemp G4A series, and Hosho Elmwood D series, for example, may use alloy pellets that contain copper, beryllium, and silver to melt at a precise temperature.

Resettable fuse
Resettable fuse
polymeric PTC device is made up of a non-conductive crystalline organic polymer matrix that is loaded with carbon black particles
[2] to make it conductive. While cool, the polymer is in a crystalline state, with the carbon forced into the regions between crystals, forming many conductive chains. Since it is conductive (the "initial resistance"),
[3] it will pass a current. If too much current is passed through the device the device will begin to heat. As the device heats, the polymer will expand, changing from a crystalline into an amorphous state.
[4] The expansion separates the carbon particles and breaks the conductive pathways, causing the device to heat faster and expand more, further raising the resistance.
[5] This increase in resistance substantially reduces the current in the circuit. A small (leakage) current still flows through the device and is sufficient to maintain the temperature at a level which will keep it in the high resistance state.  Leakage current can range from less than a hundred mA at rated voltage up to a few hundred mA at lower voltages. The device can be said to have latching functionality.[
6] The hold current is the maximum current at which the device is guaranteed not to trip. The trip current is the current at which the device is guaranteed to trip.
[7]When power is removed, the heating due to the leakage current will stop and the PPTC device will cool. As the device cools, it regains its original crystalline structure and returns to a low resistance state where it can hold the current as specified for the device.
[8] This cooling usually takes a few seconds, though a tripped device will retain a slightly higher resistance for hours, slowly approaching the initial resistance value. The resetting will often not take place even if the fault alone has been removed with the power still flowing as the operating current may be above the holding current of the PPTC. The device may not return to its original resistance value; it will most likely stabilize at a significantly higher resistance (up to 4 times initial value). It could take hours, days, weeks or even years for the device to return to a resistance value similar to its original value, if at all.
[9]A PPTC device has a current rating and a voltage rating.

Fuse Holder
Fuse Holder
Automotive and Commercial Vehicle Fuse Holders. Fuseholders for automotive style fuses including MINI, ATO, MAXI, MIDI, MEGA, JCASE and Universal Glass Fuses. Fuseholders are available for In-Line, Bolt-Down, Panel Mount and PCB applications.

Automotive Fuses
Automotive Fuses
Automotive fuses are a class of fuses used to protect the wiring and electrical equipment for vehicles. They are generally rated for circuits no higher than 32 volts direct current, but some types are rated for 42-volt electrical systems. They are occasionally used in non-automotive electrical products.

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